- 1693 - Date traditionally ascribed to Dom Perignon's invention of Champagne.
- 1944 - Holocaust: A tip from a Dutch informer leads the Gestapo to a sealed-off area in an Amsterdam warehouse where they find Jewish diarist Anne Frank and her family.
- 2005 - Prime Minister Paul Martin announces that Michaëlle Jean will be Canada's 27th — and first black — Governor General.
- 1901 - Louis Armstrong, American musician (d. 1971)
- 1929 - Yasser Arafat, Palestine leader (d. 2004)
- 1875 - Hans Christian Andersen, Danish writer (b. 1805)